Package openmw.utilΒΆ

OpenMW version: 0.49.0
core.API_REVISION: 55 *

openmw.util defines utility functions and classes like 3D vectors, that don't depend on the game world.

Usage:

local util = require('openmw.util')

Type util

util.bitAnd(A, B)

Bitwise And (supports any number of arguments).

util.bitNot(A)

Bitwise inversion.

util.bitOr(A, B)

Bitwise Or (supports any number of arguments).

util.bitXor(A, B)

Bitwise Xor (supports any number of arguments).

util.box(transform)

Creates a new Box from a given transformation.

util.clamp(value, from, to)

Limits given value to the interval [from, to].

util.color

Methods for creating #Color values from different formats.

util.loadCode(code, table)

Parses Lua code from string and returns as a function.

util.makeReadOnly(table)

Makes a table read only.

util.makeStrictReadOnly(table)

Makes a table read only and overrides __index with the strict version that throws an error if the key is not found.

util.normalizeAngle(angle)

Adds 2pi*k and puts the angle in range [-pi, pi].

util.remap(value, min, max, newMin, newMax)

Remaps the value from one range to another.

util.round(value)

Rounds the given value to the nearest whole number.

util.transform

3D transforms (scale/move/rotate) that can be applied to 3D vectors.

util.vector2(x, y)

Creates a new 2D vector.

util.vector3(x, y, z)

Creates a new 3D vector.

util.vector4(x, y, z, w)

Creates a new 4D vector.

Type Box

Box.center

The center of the box

Box.halfSize

The half sizes of the box along each axis

Box.transform

A transformation which encapsulates the boxes center pointer (translation), half sizes (scale), and rotation.

Box.vertices

Table of the 8 vertices which comprise the box, taking rotation into account

Type COLOR

COLOR.hex(hex)

Parses a hex color string into a Color.

COLOR.rgb(r, g, b)

Creates a Color from RGB format.

COLOR.rgba(r, g, b, a)

Creates a Color from RGBA format

Type Color

Color.a

Alpha (transparency) component

Color:asHex()

Converts the color into a HEX string.

Color:asRgb()

Returns a Vector3 with RGB components of the Color.

Color:asRgba()

Returns a Vector4 with RGBA components of the Color.

Color.b

Blue component

Color.g

Green component

Color.r

Red component

Type TRANSFORM

TRANSFORM.identity

Empty transform.

TRANSFORM.move(offset)

Movement by given vector.

TRANSFORM.rotate(angle, axis)

Rotation around a vector (counterclockwise if the vector points to us).

TRANSFORM.rotateX(angle)

X-axis rotation (equivalent to rotate(angle, vector3(-1, 0, 0))).

TRANSFORM.rotateY(angle)

Y-axis rotation (equivalent to rotate(angle, vector3(0, -1, 0))).

TRANSFORM.rotateZ(angle)

Z-axis rotation (equivalent to rotate(angle, vector3(0, 0, -1))).

TRANSFORM.scale(scaleX, scaleY, scaleZ)

Scale transform.

Type Transform

Transform:__mul(t)

Combine transforms (will apply in reverse order)

Transform:apply(v)

Apply transform to a vector

Transform:getAnglesXZ()

Get Euler angles for XZ rotation order (pitch and yaw; radians)

Transform:getAnglesZYX()

Get Euler angles for ZYX rotation order (radians)

Transform:getPitch()

Get pitch angle (radians)

Transform:getYaw()

Get yaw angle (radians)

Transform:inverse()

Returns the inverse transform.

Type Vector2

Vector2:__add(v)
Vector2:__div(k)
Vector2:__mul(k)
Vector2:__sub(v)
Vector2:dot(v)

Dot product.

Vector2:ediv(v)

Element-wise division

Vector2:emul(v)

Element-wise multiplication

Vector2:length()

Length of the vector.

Vector2:length2()

Square of the length of the vector.

Vector2:normalize()

Normalizes vector.

Vector2:rotate(angle)

Rotates 2D vector clockwise.

Vector2.x
Vector2.y

Type Vector3

Vector3:__add(v)
Vector3:__div(k)
Vector3:__mul(k)
Vector3:__sub(v)
Vector3:__tostring()
Vector3:cross(v)

Cross product.

Vector3:dot(v)

Dot product.

Vector3:ediv(v)

Element-wise division

Vector3:emul(v)

Element-wise multiplication

Vector3:length()

Length of the vector

Vector3:length2()

Square of the length of the vector

Vector3:normalize()

Normalizes vector.

Vector3.x
Vector3.y
Vector3.z

Type Vector4

Vector4:__add(v)
Vector4:__div(k)
Vector4:__mul(k)
Vector4:__sub(v)
Vector4:__tostring()
Vector4:dot(v)

Dot product.

Vector4:ediv(v)

Element-wise division

Vector4:emul(v)

Element-wise multiplication

Vector4:length()

Length of the vector

Vector4:length2()

Square of the length of the vector

Vector4:normalize()

Normalizes vector.

Vector4.w
Vector4.x
Vector4.y
Vector4.z

Type util

Field(s)

util.bitAnd(A, B)

Bitwise And (supports any number of arguments).

Parameters

  • #number A : First argument (integer).

  • #number B : Second argument (integer).

Return value

#number: Bitwise And of A and B.

util.bitNot(A)

Bitwise inversion.

Parameter

  • #number A : Argument (integer).

Return value

#number: Bitwise Not of A.

util.bitOr(A, B)

Bitwise Or (supports any number of arguments).

Parameters

  • #number A : First argument (integer).

  • #number B : Second argument (integer).

Return value

#number: Bitwise Or of A and B.

util.bitXor(A, B)

Bitwise Xor (supports any number of arguments).

Parameters

  • #number A : First argument (integer).

  • #number B : Second argument (integer).

Return value

#number: Bitwise Xor of A and B.

util.box(transform)

Creates a new Box from a given transformation.

Boxes are immutable and can not be changed after creation.

Parameter

  • #Transform transform : A transformation which encapsulates the boxes center pointer (translation), half sizes (scale), and rotation.

Return value

#Box:

Usage:

-- Creates a 1x1x1 length box centered at the origin
util.box(util.transform.scale(util.vector3(0.5, 0.5, 0.5)))
util.clamp(value, from, to)

Limits given value to the interval [from, to].

Parameters

  • #number value :

  • #number from :

  • #number to :

Return value

#number: min(max(value, from), to)

#COLOR util.color

Methods for creating #Color values from different formats.

util.loadCode(code, table)

Parses Lua code from string and returns as a function.

Parameters

  • #string code : Lua code.

  • #table table : Environment to run the code in.

Return value

#function: The loaded code.

util.makeReadOnly(table)

Makes a table read only.

Parameter

  • #table table : Any table.

Return value

#table: The same table wrapped with read only userdata.

util.makeStrictReadOnly(table)

Makes a table read only and overrides __index with the strict version that throws an error if the key is not found.

Parameter

  • #table table : Any table.

Return value

#table: The same table wrapped with read only userdata.

util.normalizeAngle(angle)

Adds 2pi*k and puts the angle in range [-pi, pi].

Parameter

  • #number angle : Angle in radians

Return value

#number: Angle in range [-pi, pi]

util.remap(value, min, max, newMin, newMax)

Remaps the value from one range to another.

Parameters

  • #number value :

  • #number min :

  • #number max :

  • #number newMin :

  • #number newMax :

Return value

#number: The remapped value.

Usage:

local util = require('openmw.util')
local newValue = util.remap(3, 0, 10, 0, 100)
print(newValue) -- prints 30
util.round(value)

Rounds the given value to the nearest whole number.

Parameter

  • #number value :

Return value

#number: The rounded value.

Usage:

local util = require('openmw.util')
local roundedValue = util.round(3.141592)
print(roundedValue) -- prints 3
#TRANSFORM util.transform

3D transforms (scale/move/rotate) that can be applied to 3D vectors.

Several transforms can be combined and applied to a vector using multiplication. Combined transforms apply in reverse order (from right to left).

Usage:

local util = require('openmw.util')
local trans = util.transform
local fromActorSpace = trans.move(actor.position) * trans.rotateZ(actor.rotation:getYaw())

-- rotation is applied first, movement is second
local posBehindActor = fromActorSpace * util.vector3(0, -100, 0)

-- equivalent to trans.rotateZ(-actor.rotation:getYaw()) * trans.move(-actor.position)
local toActorSpace = fromActorSpace:inverse()
local relativeTargetPos = toActorSpace * target.position
local deltaAngle = math.atan2(relativeTargetPos.y, relativeTargetPos.x)
util.vector2(x, y)

Creates a new 2D vector.

Vectors are immutable and can not be changed after creation.

Parameters

  • #number x :

  • #number y :

Return value

#Vector2:

util.vector3(x, y, z)

Creates a new 3D vector.

Vectors are immutable and can not be changed after creation.

Parameters

  • #number x :

  • #number y :

  • #number z :

Return value

#Vector3:

util.vector4(x, y, z, w)

Creates a new 4D vector.

Vectors are immutable and can not be changed after creation.

Parameters

  • #number x :

  • #number y :

  • #number z :

  • #number w :

Return value

#Vector4:

Type Box

Immutable box.

Field(s)

#Vector3 Box.center

The center of the box

#Vector3 Box.halfSize

The half sizes of the box along each axis

#Transform Box.transform

A transformation which encapsulates the boxes center pointer (translation), half sizes (scale), and rotation.

#table Box.vertices

Table of the 8 vertices which comprise the box, taking rotation into account

Type COLOR

Methods for creating #Color values from different formats.

Field(s)

COLOR.hex(hex)

Parses a hex color string into a Color.

Parameter

  • #string hex : A hex color string in RRGGBB format (e. g. "ff0000").

Return value

#Color:

COLOR.rgb(r, g, b)

Creates a Color from RGB format.

Equivalent to calling util.rgba with a = 1.

Parameters

  • #number r :

  • #number g :

  • #number b :

Return value

#Color:

COLOR.rgba(r, g, b, a)

Creates a Color from RGBA format

Parameters

  • #number r :

  • #number g :

  • #number b :

  • #number a :

Return value

#Color:

Type Color

Color in RGBA format.

All of the component values are in the range [0, 1].

Field(s)

#number Color.a

Alpha (transparency) component

Color:asHex()

Converts the color into a HEX string.

Return value

#string:

Color:asRgb()

Returns a Vector3 with RGB components of the Color.

Return value

#Vector3:

Color:asRgba()

Returns a Vector4 with RGBA components of the Color.

Return value

#Vector4:

#number Color.b

Blue component

#number Color.g

Green component

#number Color.r

Red component

Type TRANSFORM

Field(s)

#Transform TRANSFORM.identity

Empty transform.

TRANSFORM.move(offset)

Movement by given vector.

Parameter

Return value

#Transform:

Usage:

-- Accepts either 3 numbers or a 3D vector
util.transform.move(x, y, z)
util.transform.move(util.vector3(x, y, z))
TRANSFORM.rotate(angle, axis)

Rotation around a vector (counterclockwise if the vector points to us).

Parameters

Return value

#Transform:

TRANSFORM.rotateX(angle)

X-axis rotation (equivalent to rotate(angle, vector3(-1, 0, 0))).

Parameter

  • #number angle :

Return value

#Transform:

TRANSFORM.rotateY(angle)

Y-axis rotation (equivalent to rotate(angle, vector3(0, -1, 0))).

Parameter

  • #number angle :

Return value

#Transform:

TRANSFORM.rotateZ(angle)

Z-axis rotation (equivalent to rotate(angle, vector3(0, 0, -1))).

Parameter

  • #number angle :

Return value

#Transform:

TRANSFORM.scale(scaleX, scaleY, scaleZ)

Scale transform.

Parameters

  • #number scaleX :

  • #number scaleY :

  • #number scaleZ :

Return value

#Transform:

Usage:

-- Accepts either 3 numbers or a 3D vector
util.transform.scale(x, y, z)
util.transform.scale(util.vector3(x, y, z))

Type Transform

Field(s)

Transform:__mul(t)

Combine transforms (will apply in reverse order)

Parameter

Return value

#Transform:

Transform:apply(v)

Apply transform to a vector

Parameter

Return value

#Vector3:

Transform:getAnglesXZ()

Get Euler angles for XZ rotation order (pitch and yaw; radians)

Return values

  1. #number: pitch (rotation around X axis)

  2. #number: yaw (rotation around Z axis)

Transform:getAnglesZYX()

Get Euler angles for ZYX rotation order (radians)

Return values

  1. #number: rotation around Z axis (first rotation)

  2. #number: rotation around Y axis (second rotation)

  3. #number: rotation around X axis (third rotation)

Transform:getPitch()

Get pitch angle (radians)

Return value

#number:

Transform:getYaw()

Get yaw angle (radians)

Return value

#number:

Transform:inverse()

Returns the inverse transform.

Return value

#Transform:

Type Vector2

Immutable 2D vector

Usage:

v = util.vector2(3, 4)
v.x, v.y       -- 3.0, 4.0
str(v)         -- "(3.0, 4.0)"
v:length()     -- 5.0    length
v:length2()    -- 25.0   square of the length
v:normalize()  -- vector2(3/5, 4/5)
v:rotate(radians)    -- rotate counterclockwise (returns rotated vector)
v1:dot(v2)     -- dot product (returns a number)
v1 * v2        -- dot product
v1 + v2        -- vector addition
v1 - v2        -- vector subtraction
v1 * x         -- multiplication by a number
v1 / x         -- division by a number

Field(s)

Vector2:__add(v)

Parameter

Return value

#Vector2: sum of the vectors

Vector2:__div(k)

Parameter

  • #number k :

Return value

#Vector2: vector divided by a number

Vector2:__mul(k)

Parameter

  • #number k :

Return value

#Vector2: vector multiplied by a number

Vector2:__sub(v)

Parameter

Return value

#Vector2: difference of the vectors

Vector2:dot(v)

Dot product.

Parameter

Return value

#number:

Vector2:ediv(v)

Element-wise division

Parameter

Return value

#Vector2:

Vector2:emul(v)

Element-wise multiplication

Parameter

Return value

#Vector2:

Vector2:length()

Length of the vector.

Return value

#number:

Vector2:length2()

Square of the length of the vector.

Return value

#number:

Vector2:normalize()

Normalizes vector.

It doesn't change the original vector.

Return values

  1. #Vector2: normalized vector

  2. #number: the length of the original vector

Vector2:rotate(angle)

Rotates 2D vector clockwise.

Parameter

  • #number angle : Angle in radians

Return value

#Vector2: Rotated vector.

#number Vector2.x
#number Vector2.y

Type Vector3

Immutable 3D vector

Usage:

v = util.vector3(3, 4, 5)
v.x, v.y, v.z  -- 3.0, 4.0, 5.0
str(v)         -- "(3.0, 4.0, 4.5)"
v:length()     -- length
v:length2()    -- square of the length
v:normalize()  -- normalized vector
v1:dot(v2)     -- dot product (returns a number)
v1 * v2        -- dot product (returns a number)
v1:cross(v2)   -- cross product (returns a vector)
v1 ^ v2        -- cross product (returns a vector)
v1 + v2        -- vector addition
v1 - v2        -- vector subtraction
v1 * x         -- multiplication by a number
v1 / x         -- division by a number

Field(s)

Vector3:__add(v)

Parameter

Return value

#Vector3: sum of the vectors

Vector3:__div(k)

Parameter

  • #number k :

Return value

#Vector3: vector divided by a number

Vector3:__mul(k)

Parameter

  • #number k :

Return value

#Vector3: vector multiplied by a number

Vector3:__sub(v)

Parameter

Return value

#Vector3: difference of the vectors

Vector3:__tostring()

Return value

#string:

Vector3:cross(v)

Cross product.

Parameter

Return value

#Vector3:

Vector3:dot(v)

Dot product.

Parameter

Return value

#number:

Vector3:ediv(v)

Element-wise division

Parameter

Return value

#Vector3:

Vector3:emul(v)

Element-wise multiplication

Parameter

Return value

#Vector3:

Vector3:length()

Length of the vector

Return value

#number:

Vector3:length2()

Square of the length of the vector

Return value

#number:

Vector3:normalize()

Normalizes vector.

It doesn't change the original vector.

Return values

  1. #Vector3: normalized vector

  2. #number: the length of the original vector

#number Vector3.x
#number Vector3.y
#number Vector3.z

Type Vector4

Immutable 4D vector.

Usage:

v = util.vector4(3, 4, 5, 6)
v.x, v.y, v.z, v.w  -- 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0
str(v)         -- "(3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0)"
v:length()     -- length
v:length2()    -- square of the length
v:normalize()  -- normalized vector
v1:dot(v2)     -- dot product (returns a number)
v1 * v2        -- dot product (returns a number)
v1 + v2        -- vector addition
v1 - v2        -- vector subtraction
v1 * x         -- multiplication by a number
v1 / x         -- division by a number

Field(s)

Vector4:__add(v)

Parameter

Return value

#Vector4: sum of the vectors

Vector4:__div(k)

Parameter

  • #number k :

Return value

#Vector4: vector divided by a number

Vector4:__mul(k)

Parameter

  • #number k :

Return value

#Vector4: vector multiplied by a number

Vector4:__sub(v)

Parameter

Return value

#Vector4: difference of the vectors

Vector4:__tostring()

Return value

#string:

Vector4:dot(v)

Dot product.

Parameter

Return value

#number:

Vector4:ediv(v)

Element-wise division

Parameter

Return value

#Vector4:

Vector4:emul(v)

Element-wise multiplication

Parameter

Return value

#Vector4:

Vector4:length()

Length of the vector

Return value

#number:

Vector4:length2()

Square of the length of the vector

Return value

#number:

Vector4:normalize()

Normalizes vector.

It doesn't change the original vector.

Return values

  1. #Vector4: normalized vector

  2. #number: the length of the original vector

#number Vector4.w
#number Vector4.x
#number Vector4.y
#number Vector4.z