Package openmw.vfsΒΆ

OpenMW version: 0.49.0
core.API_REVISION: 62 *

openmw.vfs provides read-only access to data directories via VFS.

Interface is very similar to "io" library.

Usage:

local vfs = require('openmw.vfs')

Type vfs

vfs.fileExists(fileName)

Check if file exists in VFS

vfs.lines(fileName)

Get an iterator function to fetch the next line from file with given path.

vfs.open(fileName)

Open a file

vfs.pathsWithPrefix(path)

Get iterator function to fetch file names with given path prefix from VFS

vfs.type(handle)

Detect a file handle type

Type FileHandle

FileHandle:close()

Close a file handle

FileHandle.fileName

VFS path to related file

FileHandle:lines()

Get an iterator function to fetch the next line from given file.

FileHandle:read(...)

Read data from file to strings.

FileHandle:seek(whence, offset)

Set new position in file.

Type vfs

Field(s)

vfs.fileExists(fileName)

Check if file exists in VFS

Parameter

  • #string fileName : Path to file in VFS

Return value

#boolean: (true - exists, false - does not exist)

Usage:

local exists = vfs.fileExists("Test\\test.txt");
vfs.lines(fileName)

Get an iterator function to fetch the next line from file with given path.

Throws an exception if file is closed or file with given path does not exist. Closes file automatically when it fails to read any more bytes.

Hint: since garbage collection works once per frame, you will get the whole file in RAM if you read it in one frame. So if you need to read a really large file, it is better to split reading between different frames (e.g. by keeping a current position in file and using a "seek" to read from saved position).

Parameter

  • #string fileName : Path to file in VFS

Return value

#function: Iterator function to get next line

Usage:

for line in vfs.lines("Test\\test.txt") do
    print(line);
end
vfs.open(fileName)

Open a file

Parameter

  • #string fileName : Path to file in VFS

Return values

  1. #FileHandle: Opened file handle if a call succeeds without errors.

  2. #nil, #string: nil plus the error message in case of any error.

Usage:

f, msg = vfs.open("Test\\test.txt");
-- print file name or error message
if (f == nil)
    print(msg);
else
    print(f.fileName);
end
vfs.pathsWithPrefix(path)

Get iterator function to fetch file names with given path prefix from VFS

Parameter

  • #string path : Path prefix

Return value

#function: Function to get next file name

Usages:

  • -- get all files with given prefix from VFS index
    for fileName in vfs.pathsWithPrefix("Music\\Explore") do
        print(fileName);
    end
  • -- get some first files
    local getNextFile = vfs.pathsWithPrefix("Music\\Explore");
    local firstFile = getNextFile();
    local secondFile = getNextFile();
vfs.type(handle)

Detect a file handle type

Parameter

  • #any handle : Object to check

Return value

#string: File handle type. Can be:

Usage:

f = vfs.open("Test\\test.txt");
print(vfs.type(f));

Type FileHandle

Field(s)

FileHandle:close()

Close a file handle

Return values

  1. #boolean: true if a call succeeds without errors.

  2. #nil, #string: nil plus the error message in case of any error.

#string FileHandle.fileName

VFS path to related file

FileHandle:lines()

Get an iterator function to fetch the next line from given file.

Throws an exception if file is closed.

Hint: since garbage collection works once per frame, you will get the whole file in RAM if you read it in one frame. So if you need to read a really large file, it is better to split reading between different frames (e.g. by keeping a current position in file and using a "seek" to read from saved position).

Return value

#function: Iterator function to get next line

Usage:

f = vfs.open("Test\\test.txt");
for line in f:lines() do
    print(line);
end
FileHandle:read(...)

Read data from file to strings.

Throws an exception if file is closed, if there is too many arguments or if an invalid format encountered.

Hint: since garbage collection works once per frame, you will get the whole file in RAM if you read it in one frame. So if you need to read a really large file, it is better to split reading between different frames (e.g. by keeping a current position in file and using a "seek" to read from saved position).

Parameter

  • ... : Read formats (up to 20 arguments, default value is one "*l"). Can be:

    • "*a" (or "*all") - reads the whole file, starting at the current position as #string. On end of file, it returns the empty string.
    • "*l" (or "*line") - reads the next line (skipping the end of line), returning nil on end of file (nil and error message if error occured);
    • "*n" (or "*number") - read a floating point value as #number (nil and error message if error occured);
    • number - reads a #string with up to this number of characters, returning nil on end of file (nil and error message if error occured). If number is 0 and end of file is not reached, it reads nothing and returns an empty string;

Return value

#string: One #string for every format if a call succeeds without errors. One #string for every successfully handled format, nil for first failed format.

Usages:

  • -- read three numbers from file
    f = vfs.open("Test\\test.txt");
    local n1, n2, n3 = f:read("*number", "*number", "*number");
  • -- read 10 bytes from file
    f = vfs.open("Test\\test.txt");
    local n4 = f:read(10);
  • -- read until end of file
    f = vfs.open("Test\\test.txt");
    local n5 = f:read("*all");
  • -- read a line from file
    f = vfs.open("Test\\test.txt");
    local n6 = f:read();
  • -- try to read three numbers from file with "1" content
    f = vfs.open("one.txt");
    print(f:read("*number", "*number", "*number"));
    -- prints(1, nil)
FileHandle:seek(whence, offset)

Set new position in file.

Throws an exception if file is closed or seek base is incorrect.

Parameters

  • #string whence : Seek base (optional, "cur" by default). Can be:

    • "set" - seek from beginning of file;
    • "cur" - seek from current position;
    • "end" - seek from end of file (offset needs to be <= 0);
  • #number offset : Offset from given base (optional, 0 by default)

Return values

  1. #number: new position in file if a call succeeds without errors.

  2. #nil, #string: nil plus the error message in case of any error.

Usages:

  • -- set pointer to beginning of file
    f = vfs.open("Test\\test.txt");
    f:seek("set");
  • -- print current position in file
    f = vfs.open("Test\\test.txt");
    print(f:seek());
  • -- print file size
    f = vfs.open("Test\\test.txt");
    print(f:seek("end"));